Scientists Create First ‘Living Machines’ Called Xenobots

What makes something alive? That question has racked the brains of modern scientists like a medieval torture device. NASA lists a series of prerequisites, writing that living organisms tend to replicate, react to stimulation, grow, develop, expel waste, and have the capacity to use energy taken from the environment for growth and reproduction. But even these guideposts might lead you astray. 

The BBC writes that more than 100 different definitions of ‘life’ exist, “and all are wrong.” The criteria seem even murkier when you consider that these definitions are themselves defined by what humans have encountered on Earth. But what happens when humans create a life form that Earth has never seen before? And what on Earth do you make of a life form that also operates like a machine?

I, grow-bot

If you take the stem cells of a frog’s skin and the stem cells of its heart and Frankenstein them together, what do you get? Intuitively, you might expect a boring story about zombie tadpoles that would make Mary Shelley snore in her grave. But Smithsonian explains that it actually creates what researchers have dubbed a ‘xenobot.’ Its parents are a computer algorithm and the human hands of researchers from Tufts University, the University of Vermont, and the Wyss Institute at Harvard. This team of Victor Frogensteins joined the cells into the sand-grain-sized oddities that they would become.

The xenobot takes its name from Xenopus laevis, the species of clawed African frog from which the cells were taken. But that’s the only frog-like thing about these biological anomalies. Some xenobots existed “two-lobed blobs, while others took the forms of hollow, prism-like structures.” They didn’t have limbs, a skeleton, or even a nervous system, and Gizmodo mentions, that they also “can’t reproduce, feed themselves, or respond to external stimuli, among other requirements for life.” But Smithsonian observes that xenobots are capable of self-propelled motion, pushed microscopic objects around a petri dish, and could “stitch themselves back together after being cut.”

Obviously, this is uncharted ethical territory, and the idea of creating a living machine raises alarming questions like whether it could be developed into a bioweapon. However, experts are eyeing the potential do a great deal of good, such as designing biological bots to remove microplastics from the oceans or target artery plaque. Or maybe one day, they’ll gain sentience and form a virus-like Voltron that annihilates humanity.

54 thoughts on “Scientists Create First ‘Living Machines’ Called Xenobots

  1. Hctvrb says:

    tricor 200mg for sale tricor 200mg for sale fenofibrate 160mg sale

  2. Brlyyo says:

    cialis 20mg pill viagra for men over 50 order viagra 50mg online cheap

  3. Frotwx says:

    zaditor pills buy sinequan 25mg without prescription pill tofranil 75mg

  4. Uqhlxs says:

    minoxidil for sale buy ed pills usa male erection pills

  5. Cfzukf says:

    order acarbose for sale precose 50mg over the counter how to get fulvicin without a prescription

  6. Pwkpuj says:

    order aspirin 75mg order levofloxacin online cheap imiquad cheap

  7. Cvpdkv says:

    buy melatonin 3mg online meloset where to buy order danazol sale

  8. Zlhsvf says:

    dipyridamole 25mg for sale gemfibrozil 300 mg over the counter buy pravastatin generic

  9. Gqenjn says:

    pill duphaston jardiance where to buy empagliflozin canada

  10. Dqfgdd says:

    buy cheap generic monograph buy pletal 100 mg generic buy pletal pills

  11. Eugonq says:

    purchase prasugrel tolterodine without prescription tolterodine buy online

  12. Wpartp says:

    buy pyridostigmine pills for sale order maxalt 10mg online cheap maxalt usa

  13. Rmivon says:

    order premarin 600 mg generic order cabergoline 0.5mg sale order sildenafil 100mg online cheap

  14. Yizavh says:

    telmisartan uk order plaquenil 200mg generic molnunat for sale online

  15. Yvajty says:

    liquid cialis tadalafil 10mg sildenafil 100mg tablets

  16. Ijnesq says:

    order cenforce 100mg sale buy naprosyn online cheap chloroquine 250mg canada

  17. Adsxlx says:

    provigil price how to buy promethazine generic prednisone 10mg

  18. Yoplgz says:

    cost astelin 10 ml order astelin 10 ml sprayer buy irbesartan 150mg online

  19. Qzgjui says:

    buy esomeprazole 20mg oral nexium order topiramate generic

  20. Jyozgi says:

    imitrex 50mg oral levaquin canada buy avodart for sale

  21. Erfxmw says:

    zyloprim 300mg ca clobetasol price order crestor 20mg generic

  22. Otyugp says:

    zantac 300mg pill ranitidine order online purchase celebrex sale

  23. Juuhad says:

    buy buspar 10mg sale order ezetimibe 10mg pills purchase cordarone online cheap

  24. Xkwhqf says:

    purchase tamsulosin online ondansetron 4mg tablet zocor for sale online

  25. Fckond says:

    order motilium 10mg pills purchase domperidone without prescription buy sumycin 250mg generic

  26. Fnzveb says:

    aldactone 25mg pill buy valacyclovir for sale order propecia pill

  27. Anpikn says:

    write paper online best college paper writing service dissertation writers online

  28. Ksfrdz says:

    diflucan online order order fluconazole 100mg order cipro 1000mg online

  29. Vfhnem says:

    purchase sildenafil pill purchase sildenafil without prescription buy estrace 1mg online cheap

  30. Brrqje says:

    buy metronidazole tablets trimethoprim pill keflex cost

  31. Orqyat says:

    lamictal usa mebendazole order mebendazole medication

  32. Ixsxkf says:

    order cleocin 300mg buy erythromycin 250mg online erectile dysfunction drug

  33. Meezjq says:

    cheap tretinoin purchase avanafil for sale order avanafil 100mg without prescription

  34. Pmfkdx says:

    nolvadex buy online purchase betahistine generic symbicort price

  35. Qsbzjq says:

    buy generic tadacip over the counter cost tadacip buy indomethacin capsule

  36. Xnnscd says:

    desyrel 50mg uk sildenafil online order buy generic clindac a

  37. Tzyofv says:

    buy lamisil 250mg for sale order lamisil 250mg pills free spins no deposit casino

  38. Bfrehd says:

    aspirin uk sports gambling where can i play poker online

  39. Hylydk says:

    buy an essay online cheap order cefixime 100mg online order generic suprax 100mg

  40. Plmaxk says:

    essays writing best casino casino online blackjack

  41. Guoodm says:

    trimox sale buy anastrozole pills for sale purchase biaxin pills

  42. Wjdxdy says:

    order calcitriol 0.25 mg for sale order labetalol generic fenofibrate 200mg brand

  43. Jlblxg says:

    buy catapres generic tiotropium bromide 9mcg cheap tiotropium bromide over the counter

  44. Avhvqq says:

    acne treatments for teen girls dermatologist prescribed acne cream oxcarbazepine 600mg sale

  45. Gjfxxk says:

    brand alfuzosin order uroxatral online cheap nausea medication list

  46. Nrhshv says:

    oral minomycin terazosin online buy requip 2mg pill

  47. Breosc says:

    buy sleeping pills uk online drugs that cause telogen effluvium buy diet pills online

  48. Wqcovw says:

    buy femara pills order albendazole 400 mg without prescription buy abilify cheap

  49. Dhplap says:

    best smoking cessation pills get prescribe smoking cessation strong painkillers online

  50. Szqtiu says:

    medroxyprogesterone 5mg ca microzide order online hydrochlorothiazide canada

  51. Nexntc says:

    herpes medication online without script best herpes suppression medication fda drug approval list 2023

  52. Urcpzz says:

    periactin 4 mg without prescription order generic nizoral 200 mg order nizoral 200 mg pills

  53. Asancx says:

    does vinegar kill fungus on skin herbs to defeat fungus in our bodies high blood pressure medications list

  54. Hdswot says:

    buy cymbalta tablets modafinil over the counter modafinil uk

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *